We’re often asked “What are the basic differences between Last Planner(R) in Construction vs in Design?” The process itself is basically the same. There are 7 obvious similarities but 8 obvious differences. Seven of the differences are found in the comparison table below.
|Desired Outcomes||Work flow more predictable and effective||Work flow more predictable and effective|
|Actual Last Planners||Superintendent & foremen||Architect, designers and design consultants|
|Champion/Leader/Facilitator||Superintendent or PM/PE||Architect or Lead Designer|
|Concentrate on …||Doing work that releases work||Doing work that releases work|
|Heart of the system||Conversations, communications, commitments between LPs||Conversations, communications, commitments between LPs|
|Frequency of communication||Daily and weekly||Weekly or bi-weekly, sometime daily|
|Visible transparent system||Uses colored stickies or virtual online system||Uses colored stickies or virtual online system|
|Activities||Small batched elements of work – one crew in one place at one time||Same or possibly Revit elements|
|Pull and push||Reverse pull and forward pass||Reverse pull and forward pass|
|Accountability||PPC and Variance Analysis||PPC and Variance Analysis|
|Identify work to be done||Daily||Weekly|
|Constraints||Identify and remove||Identify and remove|
|Check-Ins||Daily using Weekly Work Plan||Daily or every few days using Weekly Work Plan or Kanban boards|
|Planning/Make Work Ready Sessions||Weekly||Weekly or Bi-Weekly|
The 8th difference is how the design team chooses to make the Weekly Work Plan visual for their check-ins. Of course they can use stickies on a wall or board, just as in construction. But many design teams use Scrum, pulling work from the Phase Pull Plan into the 2-week sprint. That’s the subject of a follow-on article. Stay tuned.